washington, dc wiki
Construction westward through Maryland proceeded slowly. To accomplish this, the boundaries of the federal district would need to encompass an area on the Potomac that was downstream of the mouth of the Eastern Branch. Washington, D.C. is the center of the nation for its arts. , On March 30, 1791, Washington issued a presidential proclamation that established "Jones's point, the upper cape of Hunting Creek in Virginia" as the starting point for the federal district's boundary survey. During the Great Depression of the 1930s, the city's population grew rapidly with the creation of additional Federal agencies under the New Deal programs of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, during which most of the Federal Triangle buildings were constructed. After the 2004 Madrid train bombings, local authorities decided to test explosives detectors on the vulnerable Washington Metro subway system. The District's two Public, educational, and government access (PEG) Channels are DCTV, a non-profit media outlet that provides training and production opportunities to local residents, and OCT TV-16, which provides information about government programs, services, and related opportunities. , The survey team placed forty sandstone boundary markers at or near every mile point along the sides of the square (see: Boundary markers of the original District of Columbia). Originally an expansion of Tiber Creek, the canal connected the Capitol with the Potomac, running along the north side of the Mall where Constitution Avenue is today. Partly due to the District's unique status under the Constitution, the court decided unanimously that all of D.C.'s public schools had to be integrated. The proposed amendment had a seven-year limit for ratification, and only sixteen states ratified it in this period. This river was known for the healing properties of its pure water and it is recorded that the Emperor Powhatan, who lived in what is now Richmond, Virginia, made the trip all the way to Nakochtank once for this reason. The bordering states were Maryland and Virginia. The District of Columbia used to have other small towns which used "D.C.". The parents sued in a case decided in the landmark Supreme Court ruling Bolling v. Sharpe. President Abraham Lincoln created the Army of the Potomac to defend the federal capital, and thousands of soldiers came to the area. Slavery was abolished throughout the District on April 16, 1862 – eight months before Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation—with the passage of the Compensated Emancipation Act. Staden/distriktet har omkring 600 000 invånare  och täcker en yta av 178 kvadratkilometer  längs Potomacflodens vänstra strand. List of rallies and protest marches in Washington, D.C.  However, Congress lacked loyalty to the city's residents and was reluctant to provide support. In June 1783, a mob of angry soldiers converged upon Independence Hall to demand payment for their service during the American Revolutionary War.  During the war, as many as 200,000 railroad passengers passed through Union Station in a single day. The United States Capitol, often called the Capitol Building, is the meeting place of the United States Congress and the seat of the legislative branch of the U.S. federal government.It is located on Capitol Hill at the eastern end of the National Mall in Washington, D.C. Bringing a new level of luxury to Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington’s historic Old Post Office has been restored far beyond its initial grandeur and proudly stands as the iconic Trump Washington, D.C. The District elects a delegate to the House of Representatives who has the usual rights of House membership, such as seniority and committee membership, except that the delegate cannot formally vote. In what became known as the Pennsylvania Mutiny of 1783, Dickinson sympathized with the protesters and refused to remove them from Philadelphia. Hamilton had a proposal for the new federal government to take over debts accrued by the states during the Revolutionary War. National Park Service, Washington, D.C. (2012). The President of the USA and many major national government offices are in the territory. Construction began in 1810 and the canal opened in late 1815, connecting the Anacostia River with Tiber Creek.  Staden sammanfaller geografiskt med District of Columbia (D.C.) – vilket är stadskommunens officiella identitet och namn  – och tillhör alltså ingen delstat. This battle was only the second time that a U.S. President came under enemy fire during wartime when Lincoln visited the fort to observe the fighting. Ayrıca Washington D.C Afroamerikalıların çoğunlukta olduğu (~%60) bir kenttir. As a result, Washington became both a center of African American culture and a center of Civil Rights Movement. In 1901, the Senate Park Improvement Commission of the District of Columbia (the "McMillan Commission"), which Congress had formed the previous year, formulated the McMillan Plan, an architectural plan for the redevelopment of the National Mall.  In September 1791, using the toponym Columbia and the name of the president, the three commissioners agreed to name the federal district as the Territory of Columbia, and the federal city as the City of Washington. However, as the nation transitioned over to railroads for its transport, the canal had become nothing more than a stagnant sewer, and so it was removed.  The east cornerstone is east of the intersection of Southern Avenue and Eastern Avenue. Washington, D.C. / ˈ w ɒ ʃ ɪ ŋ t ə n ˌ d i ː ˈ s i ː /, District of Columbia), potocznie nazywany Waszyngtonem lub D.C. – założona 16 lipca 1790 stolica Stanów Zjednoczonych. The significant expansion of the federal government to administer the war—and its legacies, such as veterans' pensions—led to notable growth in the city's population – from 75,000 in 1860 to 132,000 in 1870. De bouwwerkzaamheden van het Capitool begonnen op 18 september 1793.Met een maçonnieke ceremonie werd door George Washington (gekleed als vrijmetselaar) de hoeksteen van het Capitool gelegd.Bij de bouw lieten de architecten zich veelvuldig inspireren door Romeinse architectuurtypen en (vrijmetselaars)symboliek.Voor de bouw en het hakken en vervoeren van stenen werden slaven gebruikt. The estate (Arlington Plantation) would be passed on to his daughter (the wife of Robert E. Lee), and would eventually become Arlington National Cemetery. The Virginia General Assembly followed suit on December 3, 1789. Ten apparently random victims were killed, with three others wounded, before John Allen Muhammad and Lee Boyd Malvo were arrested on October 24, 2002. The former District and its subdivisions: This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 22:43. The city was supposed to have long and wide avenues, and many open spaces for monuments and parks. On February 1, 2005, the free daily tabloid Washington Examiner debuted, having been formed from a chain of suburban newspapers known as the Journal Newspapers. The 1789 United States Constitution said that a capital city would be created in a district, but did not say where it should be. Coordinates of the south cornerstone of the original District of Columbia: South cornerstone of the original District of Columbia. rase (2,9%) Alte rase (4,1%) Pe 1 iulie 2011, Biroul de Recensământ din Statele Unite ale Americii a estimat populația districtului la 617.996 de locuitori, având o tendință de creștere a populației de 2,7% de la recensământul din 2010, care a înregistrat 601.723 locuitori. Washington, D.C. is the capital of the United States of America and is home to landmarks such as the Washington Monument, built to commemorate George Washington, the Lincoln Memorial, built to commemorate Abraham Lincoln, the U.S. Capitol Building, the Pentagon and the White House. Some of these media are known throughout the United States, including The Washington Post and various broadcasting networks headquartered in D.C. Georgetown started as a separate city in 1751 before the area became the District of Columbia. The District of Columbia relied on Congress for support for capital improvements and economic development initiatives.  From the 1860s to the 1890s, he constructed over 80 public and private buildings throughout the city, including the National Museum, the Agriculture Department, Sumner and Franklin schools. It most notably appeared in the episode Washington B.C.. Archaeological evidence indicates American Indians settled in the area at least 4,000 years ago, around the Anacostia River. Washington, D.C. je glavni grad Sjedinjenih Američkih Država.Dobio je ime po Georgeu Washingtonu, vrhovnom zapovjedniku američke vojske u Američkoj revoluciji i prvom predsjedniku SAD-a.. U Washingtonu su sjedišta sve tri grane američke savezne vlade (izvršne, zakonodavne i sudske), kao i sjedišta većine saveznih služba. (Baltimore, MD: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Baltimore District, 1996), Lock keeper's house from Washington branch of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. Washington, DC có truyền thống ủng hộ Đảng Dân chủ.  On August 19, he appended a new map to a letter that he sent to the President. This is a protest from people who live in Washington, D.C. about having to pay taxes to the United States without having a vote in the United States House of Representatives. Washington, D.C. tôn trọng tất cả các ngày lễ liên bang. The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is headquartered in Arlington, Virginia. American Airlines Flight 77 was hijacked by five Islamic terrorists and flew into the Pentagon in Arlington County, just across the Potomac River from Washington, killing 125 people inside the building, as well as 64 on board the airliner, including the five terrorists. , Barry was elected again in 1994 and by the next year the city had become nearly insolvent. :92 Further railroad development continued after the Civil War, with a new B&O line (the Metropolitan Branch) connecting Washington to the west, and the introduction of competition from the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad in the 1870s. Following World War II, many middle-income whites moved out of the city's central and eastern sections to newer, affordable suburban housing, with commuting eased by highway construction. Washington, D.C. (also known as simply Washington or D.C., and officially as the District of Columbia) is the capital of the United States. Washington DC is the capital city of United States of America. :23 Native inhabitants within the present-day District of Columbia included the Nacotchtank, at Anacostia, who were affiliated with the Conoy. On July 28, 1932, President Herbert Hoover ordered the United States Army to forcibly evict the "Bonus Army" of World War I veterans who gathered in Washington, D.C., to secure promised veterans' benefits early. An Information Community Case Study: Washington, DC, http://mediapolicy.newamerica.net/publications/policy/an_information_community_case_study_washington_dc, "Local Television Market Universe Estimates", "Stations for Washington, District of Columbia", "Washington area tied with Chicago for traffic congestion, study finds", "District of Columbia Commuting Characteristics by Sex", "Estimated Unliked Transit Passenger Trips", "District of Columbia Amtrak Fact Sheet FY 2010", "Union Station to become intercity bus center", https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Washington,_D.C.&oldid=7242740, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. A legtöbbször praktikus szempontból egynek tekintik őket. Wallqanqa sanancha Washington, DC Washington, DC marka jamuqa Washington, DC Jaqinaka: 8 026 807 (1.03.2009): Mama llaqtap hawan: 177,0 km² T'iqisqa kay: 3 481 jak/km² D.C. é a abreviatura de Distrito de Colúmbia (District of Columbia), onde a cidade está localizada. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, many businesses left the downtown and inner city areas, drawn to suburban malls and following residential development. Herunder hørte de tre byene City of Washington, Georgetown og City of Alexandria. The Federal Bureau of Investigation is also headquartered in the city. It resembles the protest made by colonists before the American Revolution about having to pay taxes to Great Britain. The license plates on the cars in Washington, D.C. say, "Taxation Without Representation." , In early 1791, President Washington appointed Pierre (Peter) Charles L'Enfant to devise a plan for the new city in an area of land at the center of the federal territory that lay between the northeast shore of the Potomac River and the northwest shore of the Potomac's Eastern Branch. L'Enfant's broadest "grand avenue" was a 400-foot-wide (122 m) garden-lined esplanade, which he expected to travel for about 1 mile (1.6 km) along an east–west axis in the center of an area that the National Mall now occupies. (PhD Diss. In 1957, Washington became the first major city in the nation with a majority African-American population. Also, several cable television networks have their headquarters in the Washington area, including: America's Most Wanted is the only network primetime program produced in Washington. , The aftermath of the war kicked off a mild crisis with many northerners pushing for a relocation of the capitol with a vote brought to the floor of Congress proposing the removal of the government to Philadelphia. In 1800, the seat of government was finally moved to the new city, and on February 27, 1801, the District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801 placed the District under the jurisdiction of Congress. This name survives in the name of the Anacostia River. The city came under attack during the War of 1812 in an episode known as the Burning of Washington. The toxin ricin was found in the mailroom of the White House in November 2003 and in the mailroom of U.S. Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist in February 2004. Hà circa mezu milione d'abitanti. District of Columbia Flag Design proposed by the US Army Quartermaster 1924.png 600 × 400; 6 KB District of Columbia State Board of Education logo.jpg 610 × 641; 70 KB Flag map of Washington DC.png 2,014 × 2,526; 54 KB Nine department stores drew crowds of shoppers. The Washington Post Company has multiple media holdings, including a daily free newspaper called the Express, the Washington Post News Service with Bloomberg News, Fashion Washington, El Tiempo Latino (a Spanish-language publication), the Slate Group, The Daily Herald (in Washington state), as well as the education company Kaplan, Inc. The Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) operates the Washington Metro, the city's rapid transit system, as well as Metrobus. Kaupunki ei kuulu mihinkään osavaltioon, vaan se muodostaa suoraan Yhdysvaltain kongressin alaisuuteen kuuluvan ja Amerikan löytäjän Kristoffer Kolumbuksen mukaan nimetyn Columbian liittopiirin (engl. The Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport is across from downtown Washington in Arlington, Virginia and has its own Metrorail station. Metrobus is a bus service operated by the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA). The capital city of the United States, formally known as the District of Columbia. Large sections of the central city remained blighted for decades. A portion of the Washington Aqueduct opened in 1859, providing drinking water to city residents and reducing their dependence on well water. Bi-weekly Street Sense focuses on issues of homelessness poverty, and life on the streets.  However, President George Washington wished to include the town of Alexandria, Virginia, within the federal district. One of the largest office buildings in the world, it was built rapidly during the early years of the war, partially opening in 1942, and complete in 1943. Jefferson and Madison agreed to this proposal and in return secured a Southern location for the federal capital. Several new Metro stations such as Friendship Heights, Van Ness, Gallery Place, Columbia Heights, U Street, and Navy Yard – Ballpark eventually became catalysts for commercial development. On September 18th, 1793, the President of the United States of America, George Washington, was at a ceremony laying the corner stone of the capital of the new city Washington, D.C. The McMillan Plan in many respects was an early form of urban renewal that removed many of the slums that surrounded the United States Capitol, replacing them with new public monuments and government buildings.  A narrower avenue (Pennsylvania Avenue) connected the "Congress house" (the Capitol) with the "President's house" (the White House). Washington je poznat po visokoj stopi kriminala, a neko vrijeme je i nosio neslavnu titulu "Murder capital of America". Ellicott, with the aid of his brother, Benjamin Ellicott, then revised the plan, despite L'Enfant's protests. By an act of Congress on July 9, 1846, and with the approval of the Virginia General Assembly, the area south of the Potomac (39 square miles or 100 square kilometers) was returned, or "retroceded," to Virginia effective in 1847.. There was increasing talk of, There was an active abolition movement in Virginia, and the pro-slavery forces held a slim majority in the, Alexandria's economy had stagnated as competition with the port of.  In 1874, Congress abolished the District's territorial government and replaced it with a three-member Board of Commissioners appointed by the President, of which one was a representative from the United States Army Corps of Engineers. Wider diagonal "grand avenues" later named after the states of the union crossed the grid. Washington D.C. (often referred to as solely "D.C." or "Washington"') is a location on Earth that was visited by the Tennysons on their summer road trip. , President Washington retained one of L'Enfant's plans, showed it to Congress, and later gave it to the three Commissioners. Since 1847, all of the District of Columbia is on the north side of the Potomac River. The main priority of U.S. forces in the capital was to evacuate as many civilians and wounded soldiers as possible, then regroup and retake the city to begin their counteroffensive. Nevét az ország első elnökéről, George Washingtonról kapta. It was established in 1851 and is the only public university in the city. Troops tried to restore order as the city closed saloons and theaters, but a summer rainstorm had a more dampening effect. On November 8, 2016, Washington voters were asked to advise the Council to approve or reject a proposal, which included advising the council to petition Congress to admit the District as the 51st State and to approve a constitution and boundaries for the new state. , In response to the poor conditions in the capital, Congress passed the Organic Act of 1871, which revoked the individual charters of the cities of Washington and Georgetown, and created a new territorial government for the whole District of Columbia.  The act provided for a governor appointed by the President, a legislative assembly with an upper-house composed of eleven appointed council members and a 22-member house of delegates elected by residents of the District, as well as an appointed Board of Public Works charged with modernizing the city. In 2003 and 2004, a serial arsonist set over 40 fires, mainly in the District and the close-in Maryland suburbs, with one fire killing an elderly woman.  Ellicott's revisions, which included the straightening of the longer avenues and the removal of Square No. During his administration in 1989, The Washington Monthly magazine claimed that the District had "the worst city government in America". Washington, D.C. is a huge city with several district articles containing sightseeing, restaurant, nightlife and accommodation listings — have a look at each of them. ", "Neglected Neighbors: Stories of Life in the Alleys, Tenements and Shanties of the National Capital", Kathleen L. Wolgemuth, "Woodrow Wilson and Federal Segregation", "The Knickerbocker Theatre Tragedy - Ghosts of DC", Home Rule or House Rule? As of 2008, the Washington Metropolitan Area was the 9th largest radio market in the United States with a Metro 12+ Population of 4,238,100. It is the primary setting of both halves of Target01: Sunset, and also features briefly at the beginning of Target05: Smile. . A rising economy and gentrification in the late 1990s and early 2000s led to revitalization of many downtown neighborhoods. These are often at the National Mall, a large open park which has many monuments and museums. The British, however, spared the Patent Office and the Marine Barracks. The system attracted highly qualified teachers, especially for the M Street School (later called Dunbar High School), the academic high school for African Americans. During three weeks of October 2002, fear spread among residents of the Washington area, during the Beltway Sniper attacks. In 2016, Metrobus provided approximately 123.6 million trips. city. This ultra-tight security was referred to as "Fortress Washington"; many people objected to "walling off Washington" based on information several years old. It was not until the administration of Woodrow Wilson, a Southern Democrat who had numerous Southerners in his cabinet, that federal offices and workplaces were segregated, starting in 1913. It did not take long before Georgetown grew into a thriving port, facilitating trade and shipments of tobacco and other goods from colonial Maryland. The delegates therefore agreed in Article One, Section 8, of the United States Constitution to give the Congress the power: To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of Particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United States, and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards and other needful Buildings;, James Madison, writing in Federalist No. Nevét az ország első elnökéről, George Washingtonról kapta. There had already been a steady movement of some residents to suburban locations in the search for newer housing and to avoid school integration. The retroceded land was then known as Alexandria County, Virginia, and now includes a portion of the independent city of Alexandria and all of Arlington County, the successor to Alexandria County. Washington, D.C. was the pre-War capital city of the United States and part of the Columbia Commonwealth, along with the states of Virginia and Maryland. Washington was named after the first U.S. President George Washington. Washington az Amerikai Egyesült Államok fővárosa. Washington, D.C., ada ana kiranta da District of Columbia anfi saninta da Washington ko D.C., itace Babban Brinin kasar Tarayyar Amurka. Another law in 1895 canceled Georgetown's laws and renamed the streets to match those in the city of Washington. "D.C." stands for "District of Columbia". The history of Washington, D.C., is tied to its role as the capital of the United States. Đặc khu cũng tổ chức mừng ngày giải phóng nô lệ 16 tháng 4, là ngày kỷ niệm ký Đạo luật giải phóng và bồi thường nô lệ của tổng thống Abraham Lincoln năm 1862. Washington was named after the first U.S. President George Washington. Given its prominence, the mall is often the location of political protests, concerts, festivals, and presidential inaugurations.  The City of Washington's northern border of Boundary Street was renamed Florida Avenue in 1890, reflecting growth of suburban areas in the County of Washington. Shortly upon taking office, Fenty won approval from the city council to directly manage and overhaul the city's under-performing public school system. Unlike most cities in the United States, D.C. has many roundabouts or traffic circles. Washington, D.C. is a star article!It is a high-quality article complete with maps, photos, and great information. In 1907, Union Station opened as the city's central terminal.:227. Screening devices for biological agents, metal detectors, and vehicle barriers became more common at office buildings as well as government buildings and in transportation facilities. Washington, virallisesti District of Columbia, on Yhdysvaltain pääkaupunki. Washington DC (o Washington, D.C. chi vole dì District of Columbia, "Distrettu di Columbia") hè a capitale di i Stati Uniti.  Early European exploration of the region took place early in the 17th century, including explorations by Captain John Smith in 1608. , After L'Enfant departed, Ellicott continued the city survey in accordance with his revised plan, several larger and more detailed versions of which were also engraved, published and distributed. After the September 11 attacks, security was increased in Washington. Washington, D.C. is not a state. Early. , On January 1, 1793, Andrew Ellicott submitted to the commissioners a report that stated that the boundary survey had been completed and that all of the boundary marker stones had been set in place. "Washington City Canal: Plaque beside the Lockkeeper's House marking the former location of in Washington, D.C. website of dcMemorials.com: Memorials, monuments, statues & other outdoor art in the Washington D.C. area & beyond, by M. Solberg, "Adolf Cluss as the dominant architect for the Red Brick City", "Washington Monument: History & Culture. Washington, D.C., is govrenit bi a mayor an a 13-memmer ceety cooncil. Mayor Gray won the general election and assumed office in January 2011 with a pledge to bring economic opportunities to more of the city's residents and under-served areas..  They still are a majority in the city, comprising 51 percent of the population. This amendment would have granted the District representation in the House, Senate, and Electoral College as if it were a state. The three Commissioners would then elect one of themselves to be president of the commission. Dulles gained its own Metrorail station in 2016. In 1847, Virginia's piece was returned to it, and is now Arlington County and part of the city of Alexandria. A legtöbbször praktikus szempontból egynek tekintik őket.  The Commissioners would maintain this form of direct rule for nearly a century. Congress and the Erosion of Local Governance in the District of Columbia, "Poor Management, Federal Rule, Undermine Services", "Congress creates board to oversee Washington, D.C.", "District Government Achieves Balanced Budget and Clean Audit Opinion for FY 2003", "After 10 years, D.C. control board is gone but not forgotten", "12 Victims Killed, 8 Wounded in Shooting at D.C. Navy Yard, Suspected Gunman Killed", "Navy Yard shooter 'had a pattern of misconduct, "Washington DC shooting: Aaron Alexis named as navy yard gunman – as it happened", "DC Voters Elect Gray to Council, Approve Statehood Measure", "Washington's Black Majority Is Shrinking", "Census 2000 Demographic Profile Highlights", "The New Great Migration: Black Americans' Return to the South, 1965–2000", "Early Maps and Surveyors of the City of Washington, D.C.", Timeline of Washington, D.C. § Bibliography, "Editorial Note: Locating the Federal District", U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. During the War of 1812, British forces conducted an expedition between August 19 and 29, 1814, that took and burned the capital city.  The city's streets were extended throughout the District starting in 1893. Conversely, Southern states preferred that the capital be located closer to their agricultural and slave-holding interests. 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